Ranked Choice Voting in the United States


Ranked Choice Voting (RCV) was invented in the 1850s in Europe as a proportional representation system to be used in multi-winner elections. In the 1870s, it was adapted to the single-winner form by William Ware, an MIT professor.  


  The natural conversation about how “American” a political institution or system is often starts with: is the status quo (in this case, single-member plurality elections) this way because that’s how our founders envisioned doing it?

source: FairVote

The Ranked Choice Voting Resource Center held a webinar diving deeper into this topic.  In this webinar below, learn more about the evolution of Ranked Choice Voting (RCV) from Jack Santucci, a Georgetown University Ph.D. whose dissertation (and book project) explored the rise and fall of multi-winner RCV in 24 American cities from 1915-1962. Chris Hughes, FairVote's Staff Attorney, will also provide insight on RCV's history.

Responses to the Webinar questions and answers can be found here.
Source: Ranked Choice Voting Resource Center